教授理查德·伍利 is a Professor of Education 和 Inclusion at the U2电竞体育平台, 和 Deputy Head of its 学校的教育. 理查德的专业和研究兴趣涵盖包容性, 多样性与平等, 包括儿童的个人和社会发展, 初等教育中的价值观和问题, 提供宗教教育和特殊教育需要. In this post he discusses the challenge of answering difficult questions from children.

Whilst most children are off school in the coming weeks the ways in which they interact with their friends 和 family members are going to be different. 一些家庭将花更多的时间在一起比平时, 和 whilst this might lead to some special times together it will also inevitably lead to tensions at others.

困难的问题

在这段时间, children may have the opportunity to ask some of the difficult questions that have been on their minds 和 that perhaps they have not had the chance to share before. Parents 和 护理人员 might be concerned about this for various reasons including wondering whether questions are appropriate to the age of the child or their stage of development, 想知道合适的答案是什么, 或者对问题本身感到尴尬.

一个孩子正在用双筒望远镜看东西. 他被短信包围着,说什么? 为什么? 谁?

重要的是,U2电竞体育中的任何一个人都要面对来自孩子的难题, U2电竞体育不需要觉得U2电竞体育有所有的答案. 事实上,U2电竞体育没有!

用孩子的问题作为一起找出答案的方式, asking them some further questions to see what their own views 和 underst和ing are, or valuing their question 和 saying you’d like some time to think about it 和 will discuss it later are all ways of treating their question in a positive way without feeling unduly pressured.

Of course adult prompts can help children to consider their ideas 和 views, “How do you feel about…?“关于……你知道些什么?”?和“你有没有想过……”?可以用来测试孩子在某个问题上知道什么, 不分享他们可能还没有准备好的内容.

玩着五颜六色玩具的小孩

My research with trainee primary school teachers in the final year of their courses suggests that they have apprehensions about facing some controversial or sensitive issues with children.

When asked which three issues they anticipated finding most difficult to address in school 91% identified one or more issues relating to relationships, 与关系和性教育(性取向)相关的, 成长的过程中, 青春期, 多样化家庭或恐同症), 57.5% identified one or more issues relating to anti-racist 和 multicultural education (including British Values, 社区或社会凝聚力, terrorism 和 the Prevent agenda) 和 33% identified bereavement as an area of concern.

所有这些领域都与U2电竞体育如何与他人互动有关, U2电竞体育如何理解彼此的差异,如何应对变化. 那些在教育或托儿机构工作的人, 护理人员, parents 和 other may wish to consider how these apprehensions compare with their own.

在托儿所帮孩子挂外套的母亲

One way of exploring such issues is through the use of children’s picture books. This can provide a means of discussing sensitive topics with children without needing to speak directly about issues personal to them or their family. This distancing technique helps to explore matters “one step removed” looking at the experience of others 和 questioning how they might feel or what decisions they might make.

Examples of high quality picture books can be found in three resource packs developed by Janice Morris, 主教格罗斯泰斯特大学教学资源馆藏馆员, 和我自己. Each resource pack is freely available to download 和 provides a description 和 evaluation of each book, 通过索引将它们按主题或主题分组.

家庭多样性阅读资源 (2nd edition) can be downloaded via this link 和 includes over 150 high quality picture books suitable for children across the primary phase of education. 这些书包括有一个或两个父母的家庭, 护理人员, 因离婚而分居的家庭, 丧亲之痛或距离, 生活在公共护理和收养家庭的儿童, 举几个例子.

参考资料中的书的例子

《U2电竞体育平台》——托德·帕尔,梅根·廷利出版社——2003年出版

This book outlines different kinds of family using bold 和 bright illustrations 和 short sentences. It considers “what all families do” as well as considering the difference between families. 它肯定了所有家庭在不同方面都是特殊的.

如果我有一百个木乃伊-万达卡特,只有女性出版社- 2006

这本书探索了拥有一百个妈妈的快乐和噩梦. 会有上百个睡前故事和上百个拥抱, 但也有上百人提醒你要整理你的房间! It ends with the reflection that a hundred mummies are not needed, just “the two I’ve got.“当然,有两个妈妈有很多原因, 包括一个孩子和一个养母, 一方再婚, 或者妈妈有个女性伴侣. 的 book works very well when read aloud as the rhyme makes it appealing to the ear. 插图生动活泼,引人注目.

《U2电竞体育》——珍妮·贝克,沃克出版社——2010年出版

这是一本老少皆宜的图画书. It is really two books that show family life in Morocco 和 Australia respectively. Both stories can be explored in parallel by folding out the pages opposite each other. With no text there is a great deal to discuss 和 to deduce from the pictures. 孩子们可能希望反思他们的家庭和家庭是如何相似的, 和不同的, 那些照片.

Rosie Revere, Engineer - Andrea Beaty 和 David Roberts, Abrams Books for Young Readers - 2013

This book introduces Rosie, who is inspired by all the “junk” she finds around her. 她总是运用她的想象力去创造,去设计,去制作. Rosie has positive role models from other generations within her family who have challenged traditional gender stereotypes. Her aunt teaches her that failure is a part of the learning process 和 a platform on which to build future success. 再说一遍,这是一个押韵的故事,当大声朗读时效果很好. 这些详细的插图很值得仔细探讨.

来源的支持

If you are facing interesting 和 challenging questions from children at this time you could look to:

  • 教师在网上提供帮助或建议,例如通过Facebook
  • Mumsnet.包括讨论页面和分享建议的机会
  • Winstonswish.Org为面临丧亲之苦的儿童提供建议和支持
  • Youngminds.org.支持儿童的心理健康和福祉

更多的图画书可在 残疾的阅读资源 which includes a range of stories that include people with a variety of disabilities 和 where the focus is on the story rather than the disability. 的 阅读资源的转换  includes a wide variety of changes that children may experience 和 which may cause them questions, 例如家庭结构的变化, 搬家或转学, 丧亲之痛带来的改变, 改变朋友,甚至改变你的想法. Some of these books may be useful in supporting children in these times of change 和 challenge. 这三个合集中的许多书都可以在 蜂巢, 伍斯特的联合大学和公共图书馆, 所有这些都可以通过书店和在线零售商买到.

教授理查德·伍利 is a Professor of Education 和 Inclusion at the U2电竞体育平台, 和 Deputy Head of its 学校的教育. 的 学校的教育 offers many Undergraduate 和 研究生课程 including 小学初级教师教育(含QTS)荣誉学士 和 二次  PGCE课程.

All views expressed in this blog are the Academic’s own 和 do not represent the views, U2电竞体育平台或其任何合作伙伴的政策或意见.